Pragmatics of the Clause Types

syntactic labels
 - declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamative

pragmatic notions
 - statement, question, directive, exclamation

pragmatics
 - the study of the meaning of linguistic expressions in context
 - concerned with language use

Syntax - Pragmatics
Declaratives are typically used to make statements
Interrogatives are typically used to ask questions
Imperatives are typically used to issue directives
Exclamatives are typically used to utter exclamations