2014. 7. 22.

ING CLAUSES

Subordinating {-ing} should not be confused with the [-ing] of the progressive; unlike the progressive suffix, subordinator [-ing] can be attached to stative verbs - She was unhappy about being tall; I enjoy seeing snow on the mountains.

ING clauses are non-finite (i.e., they don't carry tense).

"verbs used as nouns"

<ING nominal construction>
Her drinking disturbs me. (소유격 뒤)
He was ticketed for dangerous driving. (전치사, 형용사 뒤)
I can't stand their incessant criticizing. (소유격, 형용사 뒤)
The first warning was been issued. (관사, 서수 뒤)

<ING direct object clauses>
(Covert subject in clause)
I hate eating liver.
Tucker loves swimming in the ocean.
She enjoys giving money to the poor.
The kids admitted breaking the window with rocks.
Lisa doesn't remember being there.

(Overt subject in clause)
I dislike Eric('s) wearing my clothes.
Maeve resented her mom('s) telling those stories.
Do you remember my/me loaning you that book.

<ING predicate nominative clauses>
The issue is merchants selling illegal fireworks.
The trick has been arriving on time.
Pat's problem is yelling at people.
Her concern is hector('s) drinking when he drives.

<ING Clauses as Verb Complements>
I saw Bobby hitting Billy.
I felt the baby moving.
I heard Pamela shouting.
Everyone saw Alan [Alan] kicking his computer.

<ING subject clauses>
Dancing is fun.
Walking in the rain gives me asthma.
Telling stories to children is Theo's job.
Naming that baby Morticia was cruel.
Looking healthy is important.
Drinking wine in the morning is very decadent.

(Overt subject in clause)
Sue('s) playing cards every afternoon upsets her mother.
His losing all that money bothers me.
Jen('s) being so tall amazed me.
Their lying about the money was really stupid.

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